The retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the inner surface of the eye. This tissue gathers and processes the light, relaying it through the optic nerve to the brain, where it is organized as visual information which we interpret as sight.
A variety of diseases related to aging, such as hypertension and diabetes, heredity, trauma or other disorders threaten the function of the retina. Some produce symptoms, others act silently, announcing their presence dramatically. Recognizing the warning signs of impending retinal dysfunction is critical to successful outcomes and underscores the value of regular check-ups with an ophthalmologist, as we age. Early diagnosis and treatment are the best tools we have to halt the progress of retinal disorders and preserve our sight.
Here is a review of the most common diseases affecting the retina of your eye: