Diseases of the Retina

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the inner surface of the eye. This tissue gathers and processes the light, relaying it through the optic nerve to the brain, where it is organized as visual information that we interpret as sight.

A variety of diseases related to aging, such as hypertension and diabetes, heredity, trauma, or other disorders threaten the function of the retina. Some produce symptoms, others act silently, announcing their presence when it’s too late for treatment. Recognizing the warning signs of impending retinal dysfunction is critical to successful outcomes and underscores the value of regular check-ups with an ophthalmologist as we age. Early diagnosis and treatment are the best tools we have to halt the progress of retinal disorders and preserve our sight.

The most common diseases affecting the retina of your eye include the following: