Midline Venular Malformations
About Midline Venular Malformations
Midline Venular Malformations are sometimes referred to as "stork bites" or "angel kisses.” The birthmark appears at birth or in some cases develops in the first month of baby’s life. Stork bites can be:
- Identified by a pink and flat appearance that may darken over time
- Found along the hairline at the base of the neck, or as a "V" extending along the center of the forehead, but can also appear on the upper eyelids, nose and lips
Midline venular malformations rarely require treatment because most disappear the first year of baby’s life. However, these birthmarks may become a persistent stain if they don’t vanish by 18 to 24 months of age, often turning darker color with time. Laser treatments for vascular birthmarks are usually recommended to help the stain fade and go away.
Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)
About Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome
Present at birth, Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a rare disorder that combines port-wine stains and/or venous malformations. KTS typically affects the legs followed by the arms and the trunk (and rarely the head and the neck) leading to asymmetric limb lengthening and/or widening.
The symptoms of KTS will vary in severity depending on the extent of the venous or lymphatic malformation:
- Mild case - port wine stain, a few vesicles, varicose superficial veins, with some increased length of the effected limb
- Severe case - port wine stain, gigantic enlargement of the limb caused by extensive lymphatic malformation and general overgrowth of the appendage
Treatment for Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome is directed toward compression therapy of the involved limbs, and occasionally debulking surgery to restore normal contour and function of the involved tissues.
Angiokeratoma is a type of lymphatic malformation appearing primarily on the surface of the skin and subcutaneous tissues of the chest, abdomen or extremities. Frequently misdiagnosed as cancerous or a sign of a sexually transmitted disease, Angiokeratomas:
- Start appearing in childhood or develop later in life
- Are non-cancerous
- Are characterized by superficial blisters (blebs) that have a round-to-oval shape, increasing in size with age
- Appear dark purple or black
- Can be found as a single mark or a group confined to a specific area of the body
- Are prone to bleeding
The prescribed treatment for Angiokeratoma is based on the number and location of the lesions. Often, the treatment requires a combination of aggressive laser therapy and occasional surgical removal of resistant or thickened tissues.