What are eyelid lesions and eye tumors?
Eyelid lesions are abnormal growths of tissue that can be either benign (for example cysts and styes) or malignant (skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma). Tumors can grow in the eye socket, or orbit, the space around and behind the eyeball. Orbital tumors can displace the eye or push it forward to create a bulging effect known as proptosis. If left untreated, tumors can become painful, lead to loss of vision, invade surrounding tissues or even spread to other parts of the body.
How are eye lesions and eye tumors treated?
The first step in treatment of a lesion or a tumor of the eye is an accurate diagnosis. This is obtained by performing a biopsy of the lesion to determine if it is benign, pre-cancerous, or cancerous. The Ophthalmic Pathology Service at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai (NYEE) offers onsite pathology services, allowing our surgeons to closely collaborate with pathologists to obtain a correct diagnosis as quickly as possible. Once the diagnosis is known, your surgeon, working with other doctors in the health care team, will guide you through the various cutting-edge treatment regimens based on the most current research.
- Malignant cancers of the eyelid are most often removed through surgery, and oculoplastic surgeons repair and restore the eyelid’s appearance and function through highly specialized plastic (reconstructive) surgery.
- Orbital tumors are treated through a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Your oculoplastic surgeon will woks with a multispecialty team of experts from the Mount Sinai Health System to develop and implement a customized treatment plan.
Malignant cancers can also grow on the surface of the eye. The Ocular Oncology Service at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai (NYEE) specializes in eye surface or intraocular tumors and may work with the oculoplastic surgery specialists on difficult cases requiring reconstruction of the eye socket and eyelid. Most of these lesions can be removed through surgery, though some require additional cryotherapy (a freezing technique) or radiation therapy after surgery. In the case of tumors affecting the iris, our specialists use high frequency ultrasound to diagnose and monitor them for evidence of growth before treatment is considered.