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Ronald J. Baken, Ph.D.

Bio | CV

Ronald J. Baken, Ph.D.R. J. Baken, Ph.D. is the Vocal Tract Physiologist at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. He is also Professor Emeritus at Columbia University, and Adjunct Professor of Otolaryngology at New York Medical College. He is the Co-Chair of the hospital’s Institutional Review Board. Dr. Baken is internationally recognized for his research in voice physiology, and is the author of more than 50 scientific articles and book chapters. He is also the co-author of several books, including the text that is generally acknowledged as the standard reference work on methods of acoustic and physiologic measurement of vocal tract function.

Dr. Baken contributes physiological expertise to the diagnosis of vocal tract dysfunction and disease, and to the planning of treatment and rehabilitation.

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CURRICULUM VITAE

Department of Otolaryngology 
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai
310 East 14 Street 
New York NY 10003 
(212) 979-4541

e-mail: RBaken@NYEE.edu

Education

Columbia College, Columbia University A.B. 1963 (French and Romance Philology)
University of Nebraska at Omaha M.S. 1965 (Speech Pathology)
Columbia University Ph.D. 1969 (Speech Science: Anatomy)

LICENSE

New York State - Speech Pathology #797

ACADEMIC & RESEARCH EXPERIENCE

2003-pres

New York Medical College, School of Public Health

Senior Lecturer

1993-pres

New York Medical College, Dept. of Otolaryngology

Adjunct Professor of Otolaryngology

 

New York Eye and Ear Infirmary

Director of Laryngology Research 
Co-Chair, Institutional Review Board

1996-pres

Columbia University

Professor Emeritus of Speech Science

1968-1996

Teachers College, Columbia University

Professor of Speech Science

1965-1968

Columbia College, Columbia University

Instructor, English phonetics

1964-1965

Creighton Preparatory School (Omaha, NE)

Teacher of French

1963-1964

University of Nebraska, Omaha

Instructor in Phonetics

 
VISITING RESEARCH APPOINTMENTS

1976 Phoniatrics Laboratory, School of Medicine, University of Kyoto (Japan)
(Director, Dr. N. Isshiki)- Visiting Researcher

1983 Phonetics Laboratory, University College London (UK)
(Director, Dr. A. Fourcin) - Visiting Researcher

1989 Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kurume University Medical School (Japan)
(Director: Dr. M. Hirano) - Visiting Professor

HONORS

1983 American Speech and Hearing Association - Fellow
1986 Memphis State University, Memphis TN - Center of Excellence Program, Visiting Scholar
1990 University of Texas at Dallas Health Science Center - Visiting Scholar
2004 Voice Foundation - G. Paul Moore Lectureship
2005 Voice Foundation - Lifetime Achievement Award

 

CONSULTATION & EVALUATION
Miscellaneous

1971-1975 Department of Otolaryngology, Lenox Hill Hospital - Vocal Dynamics Laboratory
1971-1985 College of Dentistry, Columbia University - Special lecturer
1980-1983 Department of Surgery, New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry, Newark, NJ
1980-1985 Goldwater Memorial Hospital, New York
1983 Indiana University - External reviewer: Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences
1985 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association - Convention Program Committee
1985 City University of New York, Research Award Program - External reviewer
1986-1989 Institute for Advanced Study of the Communication Processes, University of Florida - Member, National Advisory Board
1986-pres International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics - Voice Committee
1986-1990 Miller Health Care Institute for Performing Artists, Roosevelt Hospital, New York
1988 American Speech and Hearing Association - Chair, Speech Science Subcommittee, 1989 & Convention Program Committee
1989 Office of the District Attorney, Kings County, New York
1989 Legal Aid Society, Bronx County, NY
1994-pres Overseas Panelist, Research Grants Council, Hong Kong
1996-pres Scientific Advisory Board, The Voice Foundation
1999-pres Speech Pathology Advisory Council, New York Medical College
1999-2002 Schein Voice and Laryngeal Center, Long Island Jewish Medical Center
2002 City University of New York, Research Award Program - External reviewer

National Institutes of Health

NINCDS, NIH: Contract evaluation site visitor
1983 NINCDS, NIH: Special study section (laryngeal physiology)
1984 NINCDS, NIH: Special member, Sensory Disorders and Language Study Section
1986 NINCDS, NIH: Grant evaluation site visitor
1986 NINCDS, NIH: Special study section (SBIR), Sensory and Communicative Disorders
1989 NIDCD, NIH: Special study section
1992 NIDCD, NIH: Special study section

Editorial

1969-1983 dsh Abstracts. (French and Italian journals, speech science)
1981-1985 Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, Editorial consultant & Member, Editor's Award review panel
1983-1992 Journal of Communication Disorders - Member, Editorial Board
1986-pres Journal of Voice - Member, Editorial Board
1986-1995 International Society of Phonetic Sciences - Member, Publications Board 
1987-1996 Folia Phoniatrica - Member, Advisory Board
1987-2000 Journal of Speech and Hearing Research
1987-pres Journal of the Acoustical Society of America - Occasional referee, Language and Speech - Occasional referee, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Occasional referee
1992-1996 Voice: The British Voice Association Journal - Member, Editorial Board
1998 Psychological Reports - Perceptual and Motor Skills

PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS

Acoustical Society of America

 

American Association of Phonetic Sciences

Councilor, 1984-1987
Vice President, 1987-1989
President, 1989-1992

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Fellow

Collegium Medicorum Theatri

 

British Voice Association

 

International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

Member, International Committee on Voice 1993-2003

Voice Foundation, Inc.

Member, Scientific Advisory Board
Member, Editorial Board)
Chair, Committee on International Outreach
Member, Symposium Program Committee

 

 
PUBLICATIONS
Articles and Chapters:

Neuromuscular spindles in the human larynx: An editorializing report. Speech Journal, 8 (1970), 10.

Neuromuscular spindles in intrinsic muscles of a human larynx. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 14 (1971), 513.

Neuromuscular spindles in the intrinsic muscles of the human larynx. (Solicited article.) Folia Phoniatrica, 23 (1971), 204.

A portable impedance pneumograph. Human Communication, 1973. [With B. J. Matz]

Overview. In Webster and Furst (Eds.), Vocal Tract Dynamics and Dysfluency. New York: Speech and Hearing Institute, 1974.

Respiratory patterns in infant cry. Human Communication, 1975. [With C. N. Wilder]

Speech habilitation in cleft palate. New York Journal of Dentistry, 45, (1975), 183. [With C. N. Wilder]

Development of respiratory time factors in infant cry. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 18 (1976), 732. [With A. Langlois]

Arytenoid displacement by simulated intrinsic muscle contraction. Folia Phoniatrica, 29 (1977), 206. [With N. Isshiki]

Estimation of lung volume change from torso hemicircumferences. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 20, (1977), 808.

Self-perception of speaking pitch levels. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 43, (1978), 3. [With J. A. Haskell]

Some developmental aspects of infant cry. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 132, (1978), 225. [With C. N. Wilder]

Chest wall movements prior to phonation. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 22, (1979), 862. [With S. A. Cavallo and K. L. Weissman]

Respiratory mechanisms: Introduction and overview. In Lawrence, V. (Ed.), Transcripts of the Eighth Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice. New York: The Voice Foundation, 1979.

Chest wall preparation for phonation in untrained speakers. In Lawrence, V. (Ed.), Transcripts of the Eighth Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice. New York: The Voice Foundation, 1979. [With S. A. Cavallo]

Pre-speech respiratory behavior during the first year of life. In Murry, T. and Murry, J. (Eds.), Infant Communication: Cry and Early Speech. Houston: College-Hill, 1980. [With A. Langlois and C. N. Wilder].

Prephonatory chest wall posturing. Folia Phoniatrica, 33, (1981), 193. [With S. A. Cavallo]

Voice onset time in a normal aged population. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 25, (1982), 129. [With P. M. Sweeting]

Getting ready to talk: The infant's acquisition of motor capability for speech. In Kirk, U. (Ed.), Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling. New York: Academic Press, 1982.

The laryngeal component of prephonatory chest wall posturing. In Lawrence, V. (Ed.), Transcripts of the Eleventh Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice. New York: The Voice Foundation, 1982. [With S. A. Cavallo]

Prephonatory chest wall posturing in stutterers. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 26 (1983), 444. [With S. A Cavallo and D. A. McManus]

Frequency perturbation characteristics of pulse register phonation. Journal of Communication Disorders, 17, 1984, 231. [With S. A. Cavallo and S. Shaiman]

The influence of lung volume on the airflow-intensity relationship. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 27 (1984), 430. [With P. Schneider]

Prephonatory laryngeal and chest wall dynamics. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 28 (1985), 79. [With S. Cavallo]

aryngeal and chest-wall responses to step-function changes in supraglottal pressure. Logopedics and Phoniatrics: Issues for Future Research. [Proceedings of the XXth Congress of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics], 1986, 318. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Perturbation of vocal fundamental frequency during voiced fricatives. In Hirano, M., and Hibi, S. R. (Eds.). Proceedings of the International Conference on Voice. Kurume, Japan: Kurume University Press, 1986, 1. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Laryngeal and chest-wall responses to step-function changes in supraglottal impedance. Folia Phoniatrica, 38 (1986), 286(A). [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Phonatory response to step-function changes in supraglottal pressure. In Baer, T., Sasaki, C., and Harris, K. S. (Eds.). Laryngeal Function in Phonation and Respiration. Boston: Little, Brown, 1987, 273. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

The effect of articulation on fundamental frequency in singers and speakers. Journal of Voice, 1, (1987), 68. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Changes in vocal fundamental frequency at the segmental level: Control during voiced fricatives. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 31, 1988, 207. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

A response to Hixon (Letter to the Editor). Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 31, (1988), 728. [With S. A. Cavallo]

Fundamental frequency modulation of the human voice by the heartbeat: Preliminary results and possible mechanisms. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 85, (1989), 888. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

The effect of the heartbeat on vocal fundamental frequency perturbation. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 32, (1989), 576. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Consideration of the relationship between fundamental frequency of phonation and vocal jitter. Folia Phoniatrica, 42, (1990), 31. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Irregularity of vocal period and amplitude: A first approach to the fractal analysis of voice. Journal of Voice, 4 (1990), 185.

An overview of laryngeal function for voice production. In Sataloff, R. T. (Ed.), Professional Voices: The Science and Art of Clinical Care. New York: Raven, 1991.

Chest wall preparation for phonation in congenitally profoundly hearing-impaired persons. Volta Review, December 1991, 287-300. [With S. A. Cavallo, D. E. Metz, and R. L. Whitehead]

Géométrie «fractale» et évaluation de la voix: Application préliminaire à la dysphonie. Bulletin d'Audiophonologie: Annales Scientifiques de l'Université de Franche-Comté (Médecine et Pharmacie), VII NS, (1992) 731-749. (in French)

Acoustic assessment of vocal function. In Blitzer, A., Brin, M. F., Sasaki, T., et al., (Eds.). Neurological Disorders of the Larynx. New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, 1992, pp. 124 -134.

Electroglottography. Journal of Voice, 6 (1992), 98-110.

Evidence of chaos in vocal fold vibration. In Titze, I. R. (Ed.), Vocal Fold Physiology: New Frontiers in Basic Science. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group, 1993, pp. 143-188. [With I. R. Titze and H. Herzel]

L'Analyse de la voix: présent et avenir. Bulletin d'Audiophonologie: Annales Scientifiques de l'Université de Franche-Comté (Médecine et Pharmacie), X (1993) No. 1&2, 37-56. (in French)

The aged voice: A new hypothesis. Voice, 3 (1994) 57-73.
Reprinted in Journal of Voice, 19 (2005) 317-325

Between organization and chaos: A different view of the human voice. In Bell-Berti, F. and Raphael, L. J., Producing Speech: Contemporary Issues. For Katherine Safford Harris. American Institute of Physics, 1995., pp. 233-245.

Epilogue: Into a chaotic future. In Gould, W. J., Rubin, J. S., Korovin, G. and Sataloff, R. Diagnosis and Treatment of Voice Disorders., 1995, pp. 502-509.

Acoustic and physiologic characteristics of inspiratory phonation. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 102 (1997) 1838-1845. (With R. F. Orlikoff and D. H. Kraus)

Dimension analysis of electroglottographic data from healthy and pathologic subjects. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 102 (1997) 2371-2379. (with A. Behrman)

Voice Measurement: Is more better? Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 22 (1997) 147-151. (with R. F. Orlikoff)

Foreword. In Harris, T., Harris, S., and Howard, D. M., Voice Clinic Handbook. London: Whurr Publishers, 1998.

An overview of laryngeal function for voice production. In Sataloff, R. T. (Ed.), Vocal Health and Pedagogy. San Diego: Singular, 1998. Pp. 27-45.

Intuition and evidence: A reaction to Watson and Clark. (Invited paper.) Advances in Speech-Language Pathology, 2 (2000) 43-47. (with R. Orlikoff).

Dynamical disorders of voice: A chaotic perspective on vocal irregularities. In Rubin, J. S., Sataloff, R. T., and Korovin, G. S. (Eds.). Diagnosis and Treatment of Voice Disorders, second edition. San Diego: Singular, in press.

Books:

Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice: An Introduction. Boston: Little, Brown (College-Hill Division), 1986. 549 pp.

Readings in Clinical Spectrography of Speech. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group, 1991. 563 pp. [Edited with R. G. Daniloff]

Clinical Speech and Voice Measurement. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group, 1993. 479 pp. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Instructor’s Manual: Clinical Speech and Voice Measurement. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group, 1993., 248 pp. [With F. Orlikoff]

Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice, 2nd edition. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group, 2000. [With R. F. Orlikoff]

Selected Invited Presentations

Speculations on ordering disorder: Towards a dynamical approach to diagnosis. Pan European Voice Conference, London, U.K., August 2005

Dynamical Diagnosis: Speculations on Ordering Disorder. G. Paul Moore Lecture, Annual Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice, June 2004

Vocal Measurement, Assessment, and Diagnosis. (Three-day solo short course.) Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore. November 2003<

Keynote Address: Curing Diagnosis: Improving the Taxonomy of Phonatory Dysfunction. Sixth Conference on Advances in Quantitative Laryngology. Hamburg, Germany, April 2003 (with R. F. Orlikoff)

Update on neurolaryngology: Phonatory consequences of neural dysfunction. 12th World Congress for Bronchoesophagology. Boston, June 2002.

Preparing to begin to commence to think about testing. 29th Annual Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice. Philadelphia, June 2000.

Ordered disorder and disordered order. 28th Annual Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice. Philadelphia, June 1999.

Sound spectrography in clinical assessment. British Voice Association, London. March 1999

The Voice: Into a chaotic future. British Voice Association, London. March 1999.

A New View of the Aged Voice. Cracovaner Symposium: Geriatric Laryngology Conference - New York Eye & Ear Infirmary, New York, NY November 1997.

Recollections of Kathy Harris. Conference in Honor of Katherine S. Harris. City University of New York. October 1997.

Vocal Measurement: Is More Better?. Second Pan-European Voice Conference, Regensburg, Germany, August 1997.

Electroglottography. Grand Rounds, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, January 1997.

Evaluation acoustique et physiologique de la fonction vocale. (2-day short course). Syndicat des Médecins Spécialisés en Phoniatrie, Paris, France. May, 1996 (in French)

Objektive Untersuchungsmethoden der Stimme. (2-day course short course) Freie Universität Berlin (Germany), March 1996

Who cares if the voice is chaotic? First Pan-European Voice Conference, London, September 1995.

Vocal aging. British Voice Association. London, September 1993.

Aerodynamic measurement of vocal fold activity. New York Academy of Medicine, New York, April 1993.

Grand Rounds: Assessing vocal function. Department of Otolaryngology, Mt. Sinai Medical School, New York, December 1992

Electroglottography. Japan Society of Otolaryngology, Kochi, Japan, November 1992.

Testing vocal function: Test selection and integration. Japan Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, Kyoto, Japan, November 1992.

Analyse de la voix: son présent et son avenir. Colloque: Clinique et recherche en audiophonologie, Association Franc-Comtoise d'Audiophonologie. Besançon, France, October 1992. (in French)

Incorporating instrumental measurement into the diagnostic process. University of Rhode Island, April 1992.

Chaotic behavior of nonlinear dynamic systems and fractal analysis. Conference on Vocal Physiology: New Frontiers in Basic Science. Denver, CO, July 1991.

Course instructor: Scientific Advances in the Assessment and Treatment of Voice Disorders -- An Integrated Approach. ASHA / University of Wisconsin. Madison, WI, April 1991

Measurement for Vocal Assessment. Illinois Speech and Hearing Association. Chicago, IL, February 1991.

Géométrie fractale: Applications préliminaires à la dysphonie. Congrès sur les Nouvelles Voies de la Voix. Besançon, France, February 1991. (in French)

Fractal dimension: A new approach to the evaluation of vocal irregularity. Collegium Medicorum Theatri. Cairo, Egypt, October 1990.

Basic anatomy, physiology, and acoustics of the voice (review course). Nineteenth Annual Symposium: Care of the Professional Voice. Philadelphia, PA, June 1990.

Measurement and diagnosis of voice. Speech Pathology Association of Japan. Tokyo, Japan, October 1989.

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