The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine delivers an essential component of the specialty care provided by New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. Our diagnostic and research services are uniquely equipped to assist our staff physicians in rendering comprehensive primary care in our specialties, but more importantly, to serve as a tertiary and quaternary care resource for the thousands of patients referred annually for diagnosis and treatment of rare, enigmatic, or advanced conditions of the eye, ear, nose, and throat or head and neck.
In anatomic (surgical) pathology, our pathologists have at their disposal most of the modalities available at large medical centers affiliated with medical schools. In addition to transmission electron microscopy for ultrastructural analysis of tumors and other tissues, a unique diagnostic scanning electron microscopy facility is used in the diagnosis of corneal endothelial disease and surface abnormalities of intraocular implants. Immunofluorescence microscopy for the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases of the oral mucosa, skin and conjunctiva is routinely performed (over 200 cases per year). Molecular pathology is utilized in the diagnosis of lymphoproliferative diseases, viral infections, and squamous cancers of the head and neck region. Complete immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies are also performed in our laboratories. The surgical pathology biopsy service also provides rapid and accurate analysis of biopsies taken outside the institution--nearly 3,000 cases per year from throughout the northeast and beyond. Second opinions are also sought by other pathologists from our experienced and dedicated ophthalmic and head & neck pathologists.
In the clinical laboratory, rapid operating room turn-around and rapid pre-operative screening for "same-day" ambulatory surgery are possible by maintaining state-of-the-art instrumentation and a well-trained and dedicated technical staff. Complete microbiologic services are a critical component in supporting our infectious disease services. New York Eye and Ear Infirmary is the regional leader in providing diagnosis and treatment of intraocular and corneal infections. Complete bacteriology, mycology, mycobacteriology and parisitology services are provided on site. Serologic diagnosis is also supported.