Complementing the hospital's core services of Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, and Plastic Surgery with evaluation and treatment of:
Hay fever is an allergic reaction of the nose and sometimes eyes to allergens (particles you are allergic to such as animal dander, pollen, and molds) in the air. Symptoms include:
- Itching of the nose
- Sneezing and sniffling
- Itchy throat or ears
- Red itchy eyes with watering/tearing
- Sensation of something in the back of throat
Hay fever is the most common allergy. More than 15% of people have it, and this number is increasing every year.
Although pollen is usual cause of hay fever, similar symptoms can also be caused by pets, farm animals, or something else you are allergic to. Treatment plans will depend on your symptoms and medical history.
Asthma including lung function testing (spirometry)
Asthma is a condition of the lungs characterized by inflammation and reversible narrowing of the airways. Airway narrowing occurs due to constriction of the muscles surrounding the airways. Secretions of mucous into the airways and inflammation of airway lining causes wheezing, shortness of breath, cough and chest tightness.
Asthma is very common and often associated with hay fever, eczema, or a family history of asthma or allergy.
Since asthma has no cure, our goal is to control symptoms of asthma and to normalize lung function so that you (or your child) can lead a normal, active life. When a particular substance or situation brings on an attack, it should be avoided. Medication should be taken prior to exercise to prevent exercise induced asthma if this is a problem.
Contact dermatitis can present in many forms ranging from redness, blistering, and swelling of the skin in early stages and in later stages developing into cracks and fissuring of the skin (erosion) along with a rough thickened appearance in chronic forms. Itching is a prominent feature at any stage of the disease. The areas most commonly affected are the face, eyelids, neck, hands, underarms, and lower extremities.
As with many allergic diseases, the main treatment is avoidance of the offending agent. Other treatments that can be used include topical steroids, such as hydrocortisone, or oral steroids, such as prednisone, in severe cases.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis)
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a skin problem characterized by dry, scaly or weeping, sometimes raw areas of skin which itch intensely. If good care is not exercised, infection with bacteria makes the itching and scratching worse.
People who have a history of allergies or asthma usually suffer from eczema. The onset of eczema usually occurs in infancy, but can occur at any age.
The treatment of eczema has multiple layers, which if followed carefully can significantly help reduce the severity of the disease. Each treatment plan is tailored to the individual patient.
Environmental and food allergies
A food allergy is when the body’s immune system reacts to a certain food. About 5% of children have true food allergies. There are a variety of other disorders involving food which are mistaken for food allergy. Thus it is important to identify if a true food allergy exists or if it is an intolerance to a particular food.
If we have identified you to be truly allergic or sensitive to a food, the best way to manage is to avoid the food causing the problem altogether. Our allergy specialists will go through ways for you to identify the food and different names the food might be listed as so you do not accidentally ingest it.
Hives are a certain type of rash which is usually, but not always, caused by an allergic reaction. They are usually itchy, but sometimes painful. The rash appears as raised areas of skin. They can be of different shapes and even seem to “blend in” with each other if you have many. The hives can move around in location and usually do not last for over 24 hours.
It is estimated that up to 24 percent of the population will experience hives at some point in their lives, so it is a rather common problem. There are many non-related conditions that can make you develop hives, such as a viral infection, contacting something you are allergic to, being stung by an insect like a bee or wasp, touching certain type of plants, and rarely by water, sun or cold exposure.
Identifying hives largely depends on the information we obtain during your evaluation, such as any new medications or supplements, relationship to foods, relationship to exercise, or temperature changes, recent illnesses, and insect stings to name a few. If there is a clear relationship between something you are exposed to and the hives, we may be able to perform testing to evaluate if there is or isn’t a sensitivity.