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Pediatric Opthalmology and Strabismus

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What eye problems are most commonly seen in children?

Refractive errors (near sighted and far sighted problems), and strabismus (crossed eyes).

How does vision develop?

Good vision develops as a result of normal use during the first few weeks and nine years of age.

What are the warning signs to watch for in children?

Poor eye contact by three months of age.
Crossed eye--turns in or out.
Strabismus--turned eye
Pain and redness
White Pupil
Frequent rubbing of the eyes
Frequent squinting
Drooping lid

When should you have your child's eyes checked?

The American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that all children have an eye screen test by 2-3 years of age.

If there is a family history of eye problems or the child has any of the mentioned signs, he or she should be examined by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

Are learning disabilities in children due to eye problems?

Though a child needs healthy eyes and good vision for learning most educational and learning problems are not caused by eye problems.

Children with school problems should have a full eye examination to be sure their educational problem is not related to the eyes.

Answers prepared by Sara Shippman, C.O. / L. S. Hall M.D.

Patients should consult with an ophthalmologist who can provide the appropriate level of care necessary. If you wish to inquire about pediatric ophthalmic services and orthoptics, please call (212) 979-4375 for a medical referral or to receive additional information. You can also visit Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus/Orthoptics on this website.

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